Omonbude Emmanuel
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TYPESCRIPT

Working with environmental variables in django

Omonbude Emmanuel | June 1, 2023, 3:45 p.m.

73

Introduction

Managing environmental variables is crucial for configuring Django applications across different environments such as development, staging, and production. Environmental variables help keep sensitive information like API keys, database credentials, and secret keys secure while allowing flexibility and scalability in deployment. In this guide, we'll explore how to work with environmental variables in Django using the python-dotenv library.

Prerequisites

Before diving in, ensure you have the following:

  • Django Project: A Django project set up and ready for development.
     

Installation:

Install python-dotenv using pip:

pip install python-dotenv

Loading the file
At the top of settings.py file, write the following code

import os
from dotenv import load_dotenv
load_dotenv()
 

Creating the .env file

In your project folder (where manage.py file is located) , create a .env file 
and paste the code below

SECRET_KEY=yoursecretkey

replace yoursecretkey with your actual secret key.
 

Now, let's replace the secret key variable in out settings.py and load it with what we have in our env file

SECRET_KEY = os.environ.get('SECRET_KEY')

 

Conclusion

Working with environmental variables in Django is a crucial aspect of building web applications. By following the steps outlined in this post, you can  manage your application's settings and secrets in your Django projects, ensuring sensitive information remains confidential.

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Omonbude Emmanuel